Wood is a living material, even when it’s processed into solid oaken boards it still ‘works’. With ‘works’ it means that the wood shrinks, expands, serves and twisting. This mostly happens under the influence of a changing humidity. The most ideal humidity for solid oak floors are between the 45% and 65%. Solid wooden floorparts need to be able to acclimate in the same space a few days before they are being installed. How much the oak floor will ‘work’ also depends on the quality of the floor.
Different kinds of oak
When you choose a solid oak floor you have the option to choose from many different kinds of oak.
Conventional oak floorparts are being made from European oak, American oak, red oak or Russian oak. Oak wood is available in different grades. A grade says something about the size of the knots and the coarse structure of the wood. A coarse grade with big knots and cracks on the wood gives the oak floor a more old and worn look. But there are also more refined grades available with finer knots or even no knots at all. The more classic lacquered herringbone floor with inlay and strap is often from a more ‘neat’ grade.
Different floor finishes
Besides the options in wood and grades there’s also many possibilities in wood finishes and the treatment that comes with it. The aging look is popular with a solid oak floor. This aging look can be achieved by brushing the floorboards. This brings up the grain pattern of the floor. With brushing the softer wood between the wood grain is being washed away. Because of this the wood grains are even more visible and give a clear grain pattern. In addition there are many more possibilities to treat your oak floor by smoking, dubble smoking, stone wash and many color options by lacquering and oiling. Read more about floor finishes
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